IntroductionThe last few years have seen several significant changes in the field of agriculture. Through Green Revolution, the requirement to fallow gets eliminated as fertilization, weed control and irrigation makes possible for the production of food. It brought about significant increase in food production in India. It created a lack of biodiversity in the global cropland structures.The spread of the agricultural practices of the Green Revolution may have helped to reduce hunger issues in developing countries, but it also created a significant deficit in agro-diversity and wild biodiversity around the globe. These were thy regions of Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. In absence of favourable weather conditions, the harvest would get lowered. Alan Behrens is an experienced writer and our editor-in-chief.PNI's goal is to publish high-quality, educational content covering everything from history to current events. First, the proportion of cereals in the food grains output has increased and the proportion of pulses has declined. Some of the negative effects of the Green Revolution are stated below: Retardation of agricultural growth due to inadequate irrigation cover, shrinking farm size, failure to evolve new technologies, inadequate use of technology, declining plan outlay, unbalanced use of inputs, and weaknesses in credit delivery system. Hence, these farmers are getting the absolute benefits of the green revolution and became comparatively more rich than farmers. The Green Revolution took place due to inadequate amounts of food, depleted land, and economic poverty. The sudden rise in the demand for labour in these areas induced mechanisation and labour-saving practices in general. The uneven regional growth was mainly responsible for the low absorption of labour within agriculture. The gross irrigated area was 22.56 million in 1950-51 and went up to 94.7 million hectares in 1999-2000. It was a remarkable increase. With more jobs, it has resulted in more income. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge The average annual production of rice rose from 35. As a result of new agricultural strategy, food grains output increased substantially. In general, I feel that the Green Revolution helped to decrease poverty around the world to a large extent in the majority of the cases, which is seen in India and … Welcome to EconomicsDiscussion.net! The Green Revolution made it possible for farmers to produce more from their existing fields, creating bigger harvests with the same amount of work. Impacts of the Green Revolution . Manorialism: What is It, How Does It Work, and How Did it End? A very important effect of Green Revolution is that traditional agricultural inputs and practices have given way to new and scientific practices. The main features of Green Revolution in India were as follows (i) High Yielding Varieties seeds promised to produce much greater amounts of grain on a single plant. Creation of more jobs. Thus, Green Revolution is the term used to describe a new strategy of agricultural development introduced in the late 1960s, in India. It can also be defined as the renovation of agricultural practices which began in Mexico in the 1940’s. Heal-N-Soothe Review: Pros and Cons, Side Effects and More, ActivatedYou Morning Complete Review 2021 – Benefits, Side Effects, and More, Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo: The Godfather of the Mexican Drug Trade, The Doublemint Twins: The Faces of Wrigley’s Iconic Gum, Junko Furuta: Forty Four Days Living In Hell Before Her Murder. The seven selected districts were West Godavari (AP), Shahabad (Bihar), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Thanjavaur (T.N. Short film clip uploaded by AgVid and produced by Shramajeevi Agri Films. 3, 6, 7, and 9). The attitude of the Government towards the problems of treatment and rehabilitation of victims of accidents on farm machines is that of total ambivalence. Share Your PPT File, Notes on Agricultural Finance and Marketing. It is safe for utilization by plants and animals for their natural habitat. Privacy Policy3. ), Ludhiana (Punjab), Aligarh in U.P. This report suggested the means of improving production and productivity of the country with stress on modern inputs, especially fertilizers, credit, marketing facilities etc. This Table shows that except pulses, average yield (mostly rice and wheat) per hectare has improved significantly due to new technology. Some micro level socio-economic studies of green revolution areas have revealed certain undesirable social consequences of the green revolution. So land reforms are very important. Positive effects of green revolution: Increased productivity: One of the positive and immediate effects of green revolution was the increase in productivity by nearly 2.5 times. A very important effect of Green Revolution is that traditional agricultural inputs and practices have given way to new and scientific practices. Disparity in consumption of fertilizers where the district-wise fertilizer consumption in the country varies from 50-200 kg/ha. Fallowing is a way that farmers use to safeguard their land in dry climates. Another method called as multiple cropping also got implemented at the time of the Green Revolution. and Pali (Rajasthan). Besides production of food in larger amounts, the Green Revolution made it possible to cultivate more crops on the same land with a similar level of effort. In the Green Revolution of India, Norman Borlaug and M.S. Farmers who have genetically altered their harvests are provided with a choice to patent work so as to safeguard their profits. With manageable weather conditions at each field, the influence of poor harvesting seasons has been significantly reduced. One of the most important effects of the Green Revolution is that the traditional agricultural practices and inputs have given way to fresh and scientific practices. Among all crops, the production of wheat has made spectacular increase after the inception of green revolution. Consequently under HYV seeds increased sharply from 1.66 million hectares in 1966-67 (when green revolution came to India) to about 78.4 million hectares in 1998-99. The breeding technologies aimed at improving crop varieties developed through the conventio… It deterred or destroyed insects, and also eliminated ailments that resulted in higher levels of productivity. This programme was introduced in the form of a package programme since it depended crucially on regular and adequate irrigation, fertilizers, high yielding varieties of seeds, pesticides and insecticides. Share Your Word File It gives us a chance to protect the environment. Nearly forty percentage of a harvest gets lost at consumer level before its processing. The negative impact of the Green Revolution includes: 1. It Works ThermoFight X Review 2021: Can It Help You Lose Weight? Wetlands have also attracted outsiders (non-agriculturists from nearby towns to invest capital in buying farms. If any one of these elements are missing there will be no significant remarkable impact on productivity per hectare of land. Being pioneer of India's green revolution, these states sustained both positive and negative effects of green revolution technologies. Thus, as a result both production and productivity per hectare have increased considerably. No other activity has such immense impact on the socio-economic development of the people as the Green Revolution. This qualitative and quantitative improvement in Indian Agriculture is scientifically termed as “GREEN REVOLUTION”. Since fertilizers are largely what made the Green Revolution possible, they forever changed agricultural practices because the high yield varieties developed during this time cannot grow successfully without the help of fertilizers. There is a general consensus that the adoption of new technology had reduced labour absorption in agriculture. … Green revolution has benefited the industrial development. Although the green revolution has played a leading role in making the country self-sufficient in foodgrains, it has created some adverse effects, which are of serious concern. Causes And Effects Of The Green Revolution 1747 Words | 7 Pages. This lowered cost of production resulted in lesser prices of food in the entire market. That lowered production costs, which ultimately lowered consumer costs, while profits actually rose. 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