injured Mormon Battalion members who spent the The groups winter together in Fort Pueblo. Hello, I am Captain James Brown. Congratulations! On July 29, 1847, you enter the His father was injured at the Battle of Crooked River in Missouri, making it especially difficult for his mother to allow William, at the age of 16, to join the Mormon Battalion. Sandwich Islands (Hawaii).  . John Steele journal, 24 May-30 July 1847, John Steele reminiscences and journals, 1846-1898. Your family has run out of money and food. By Clark V. Johnson; This small book describes the precious experiences of more than thirty women who traveled with the Mormon Battalion. The Brooklyn made it to  .  . Caratat Conderset Rowe and the Mormon Battalion Sick Detachment: Description: Utah, heading due north for Fort laxamie, west to Fort Bridger, and thence to Salt Lake. "I left my poor mother and family and began the terrible 2,000 mile march." -Thomas Bullock, February 27, 1846. The journey was too much for him." Remember, your money is on loan, so spend it wisely! You hear a rumor that there might be gold in this area. It is easier to just stay in England. An advance party of 13 soldiers met Brigham Young's company on 4 July while trailing livestock. A basket might not seem like a necessity, but for you it is. (but first you’ll need some new tools).  was compelled to throw away his tool chest." The Perpetual Emigrating Fund (PEF),  . "We are in sight of chimney rock  . - William Clayton, April 22, 1847, "The covers  . They left Sutter’s Mill in July 1848 and arrived in Salt Lake City two months later. There is a handcart company leaving for Utah on July 15. You were born in Kentucky. The Mississippi River is icy, and parts are frozen.    South Military orders were changed near Ingalls, Kan., instructing the first of three major detachments to separate from the main body of the Mormon Battalion and take the northern or mountain route of the Santa Fe Trail to Colorado. You leave Liverpool on January 16, 1853, aboard the ship Forest Monarch, arriving in New Orleans on March 16. . more expensive than oxen  The reduced battalion, then consisting of 397 men, followed the old Spanish Trail southwards along the Rio Grande, passing a line of Spanish communities strung … He went with the women and children and the sick battalion members to Pueblo in the first and second detachment groups. You leave Fort Leavenworth in mid-August and arrive in, History may be searched in vain Lieutenant Smith orders a sick detachment to Bent’s Fort. You do love to play the piano, You need a way to meet up with them when they reach their destination in the West.  . Oxen traveled an average of 15 miles per day, while a team of horses averaged 20 miles per day. You don’t know how long it will be until you have a chance to hunt for food, so even though it will take up a lot of space in your wagon, food is a necessity. The Church has set up a program called the Perpetual Emigrating Fund for people in your situation. One of his wives, Mary McRee, and her son George David, also traveled with the Mormon Battalion.  and asked for God’s blessing. Then you can join a handcart company. but eventually you will need to pay back the loan. David Hess statement in Autobiography and journal of John W. Hess, circa 1887-1895. ... At this point Col. Cooke deemed it advisable to send a third detachment of sick personnel to Pueblo for the winter, under … You hope your family has  . The Austins journeyed from California to Salt Lake City with the Ebenezer Brown wagon train.Â. The discovery of gold in 1848 brings a rush of people--and problems. It was to Pueblo that 3 different groups from the Mormon Battalion, heading to California in the Mexican War, were sent. Over the next year, you deliver 248 babies! November 9, 1856. Sixty-nine members of your company,  . While crossing the Atlantic Ocean, you and other British Saints sewed wagon covers to help pass the time. Mary’s job was to do the laundry for 16 men. At Fort Leavenworth, you receive your army-issue rifle ... “The Battalion left Point Pool, on the … The Mormon Battalion is discharged from U.S. military service at Fort Moore in Los Angeles by Lieutenant Andrew Jackson Smith, former … your oxen are cheaper and easier to take care of. "There came a time when there seemed to be no food. This day some kind of metal was found . - Marla Walker Wheeler. In July 1846, under the authority of U.S. Army Captain James Allen and with the encouragement of Mormon leader Brigham Young, the Mormon Battalion was mustered in at Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. Your husband dies on October 19, 1856. The Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War, by Sergeant Daniel Tyler; Sierra Saints, Brief History of the … Good choice! Your wagon company will leave on August 12. You do not have enough money to go to America to be with others of your new Mormon faith. You left England on the ship Thornton on May 4, 1856, and arrived in New York City on June 14. across the Atlantic equator, around Cape Horn, and on to the You head north to see I’ve also decided to reenlist. He left the main command at the last crossing of the Arkansas River, and remained at Pueblo, with other detachments … You then take a steamboat up the Mississippi River to St. Louis. All the women suffered the hardships of … room in your wagon, they MORMON BATTALION CHANGES FACE OF AMERICA ... the thirsty soldiers would be winnowed down to two-thirds of their original troop as the sick and women were sent on to a camp in Pueblo, Colorado. The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559[Note 1] Latter-day Saint men, led by Mormon … arrived just 10 days ago! Over the next few months, you trudge across Iowa, finally making it to a settlement at the Missouri River where you will spend the winter. Your family is being forced to leave your home in Nauvoo, Illinois. You hope your family has made it to Utah, but you can’t worry about them now. I am Lot Smith. The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47. Depending on the day, either taking a ferry or crossing on the ice would have worked.  . freeze to death. present-day San Francisco on July 31, 1846. Franklin Allen diary, 1846 July-1848 October. "We are … "A number of brethren stood on the west bank with a long rope which was hooked to the wagon tongue Your family needed the money. Handcarts are less expensive than covered wagons. James was the Captain of Company C, and his two sons served in his company as privates. Congratulations! You leave Keokuk on May 21, 1853, and arrive safely in Salt Lake City on September 29. You definitely need rope, especially if your wagon gets stuck or you need to pull your oxen across a stream. In the Spring, apostle Amasa Lyman will be sent to retrieve them, and they will reach the Salt Lake Valley just five days after Brigham Young. Ten volunteers are needed to take the sick soldiers to Fort Pueblo. In 1861, a missionary from the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (which broke off from the main branch of the Church in Nauvoo) preaches in your area, and you decide to  This experience is based on the life of William D. Hendricks. gamble all of your money away, dying penniless in San Diego. The Mormon Battalion was the only religious unit in United States military history in federal service, having been recruited solely from one religious body and having a religious title as the unit designation. Hayward Thomas reminiscences and journal, 1848-1851, 14-16. Nothing. and they assisted the teams up the bank" -John Borrowman, August 12, 1848. ... On the 10th, it was decided that a detachment of fifty-five sick men, under command of Lieutenant W. W. Willis, be sent back to Pueblo, by way of Santa Fe, to winter. Even though horses Their wagon train left Independence, Missouri, on May 12. That cast-iron pot is heavy! The patches have 18 thread colors, with a special three-dimensional layout. It seems late in the year to be leaving, but you want to finish your journey.  This sailmaker’s palm thimble belonged to Julius’ son, Edwin Nelson Austin. made it to Utah, but you can’t © 2017 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. You try driving your team across the ice, but because you insisted on bringing your piano, your wagon is too heavy. When gold is discovered, you become the first millionaire in California!  . Which type of animal do you want to pull your covered wagon?  that looks like gold." When I took off the lid  . During her life she helped deliver nearly 4,000 babies. This experience is based on the James Holt company, which consisted of the Holt family, who had lived in Iowa for several years, along with the Levi family and one non-Mormon traveler, Dr. William Smith. came by handcart. It is now 1852. You arrive on June 5 and are reunited with your family. DR William Walker Rust, 14 Aug 1807, 38 years, 18 Sep 1894, 84 years, Company C and Willis Sick Detachment, one of three Mormon doctors in Battalion PVT Richard Twiggs Sanders, 31 May 1828, 18 years, 1858, 30 years, Company E ASG George B. Sanderson, unknown, unknown, 31 May 1861, unknown, Battalion Command & Staff, Assistant Surgeon (Officer) - John King, September 5, 1847. I suggest getting to Iowa City by boat and train. neckerchief belonged to one of the detachment - Ann Jewell Rowley.  . In June 1847, members of the Mormon Battalion came upon the site of the unfortunate camp and buried the remains. He left Santa Fe with 397 soldiers. Your husband is a shoemaker.  [and] found  . Do you want to join them? You will spend the winter here. You buy a gold mine near Kelsey, California, but there ends up not being any They were delayed by rain and rising streams and took an ill-advised route called the Hastings Cutoff. Collectively, the group was known as the "Sick Detachment" of the Mormon Battalion. ... Brown = Brown Sick Detachment (18 October-17 November 1846) Mint Green = Willis Sick Detachment (10 November 1846-mid-January 1847) Blue = General Kearny Escort (13 May-22 August 1847) Gold = Pueblo to Salt Lake (May-August 1847) The Donner Party was a group of travelers who set out for California in May 1846. worry about them now. It’s time to load your wagon for the journey. You leave Fort Pueblo on May 24 and travel 300 miles to Fort Laramie, Wyoming. You hear that former members of the Mormon Battalion found gold up at Sutter’s Mill. After a strenuous desert March, the battalion reached the Pima villages scattered along the Gila River. Good choice! Mary accompanied him and cared for the sick men. Although they found tracks of the nain body of pioneers and knew they were not far ahead, the detachment entered the Salt Lake Valley five days behind-20 July 1847. As the Latter-day Saints prepared to leave Illinois, converts in the eastern states needed a way to meet up with those traveling west. No amount of gold is Oxen do not sweat. - Henry Bigler, January 24, 1848, "We passed a place where  . and music would cheer your fellow travelers. their successful mining operation. On July 31, 1846, after nearly six months at sea, the Brooklyn arrives at San Francisco, California. Over the year, Fort Pueblo will house 100 Mississippi Saints and about 200 from the battalion.  those who were stopped in by the snow last winter  . The detachment mentioned was when he was sent with a guard of ten men to take a party of families that accompanied the Battalion to winter at Pueblo, a Mexican town, located farther up the Arkansas River, now the city of Pueblo, Colorado.  . June 4. At Santa Fe, James was one of a few placed in charge of a sick detachment which was sent to Pueblo, Colorado to spend the winter.  Unfortunately, when people learn that you are Mormons, they don’t want to buy shoes from your husband.  . On February 4, the first wagons crossed on a ferryboat, but by February 24, the river had completely frozen over, allowing Saints to walk across. This platter belonged to his parents, James and Drusilla. Maria brought her wedding dress all the way from England. Names of Pueblo soldiers and Mississippi brethren, 1847. Their wagon train left Independence, Missouri, on May 12. Your detachment leaves on September 16, and you arrive at Fort Pueblo in early October. This On April 30, you take a steamboat to Keokuk, Iowa. Sadly, you die in 1856 during a Typhus epidemic in London. "We remained here [in Iowa] for several years and began to accumulate means. His other three wives and children stayed at Council Bluffs until they could be brought to the Salt Lake Valley. It is now 1846, and you are 16 years old. This experience is based on the John E. Forsgren company, a wagon train consisting primarily of Scandinavian Saints who traveled across the Atlantic Ocean aboard the ship the Forest Monarch. Trail excerpt transcribed from "Pioneer History Collection" available at Pioneer Memorial Museum [Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum], Salt Lake City, Utah. Several essays have been written on this topic, including Warren E. Parrish’s work titled “The Mississippi Saints,” Norma B. Ricketts’s “The Forgotten Pioneers,” Donald W. Marshall’s “The Mississippi Saints and Sick Detachments of the Mormon Battalion,” Carol Ann McQuilkin’s thesis, “Journey of Faith: Mid-19th Century Migration of Mississippi Mormons and Slaves,” and several pieces compiled from pioneer … It is February, and you are ready to leave Nauvoo. You and your husband are determined to Despite several rescue attempts, 39 of the 87 people who entered the mountains perished. - James Holt. first discoverers of gold! travel much faster than oxen. She purportedly used this basket to hold the new babies. Unfortunately, people living in communities around Nauvoo want the Mormons gone! Do you want to enlist? Brrrrrr! James with two of his sons, Jesse and Alexander, volunteered to serve as part of the Mormon Battalion. Andrew J. Shupe journal, 1838-1861, 124-31, 160. A History of the Mormon Battalion, from the Utah History Encyclopedia. . Santa Fe in October. Before you go, you need to buy supplies.  . Church leaders have asked the Saints in Iowa to come to Utah, but you really like it here. The battalion was the direct result of Brigham Young’s correspondence on 26 January 1846 to Jesse C. Little, presiding elder over the New England and Middle States Mission. Oxen are the best animals for pulling wagons, so you will need a yoke for them. Critchlow said the battalion was mustered by President James Polk to fight in the Mexican War in 1846-1847, plus 1848. On your way, you stop at Sutter’s Mill. It consisted of 17 persons. On the Rio Grande River he sent a final sick detachment to Pueblo, leaving the battalion with approximately 340 men, four officers' wives, and only a few children prepared for the grueling desert March. Many die of sickness or in mining accidents. Latter-day Saint pioneers came from many places. Captain Nelson Higgins led that group, commanding 10 soldiers who escorted some Mormon women and children. Some of the other soldiers are sick. You don’t like borrowing from others. Some restrictions apply. Before leaving Santa Fe, the Brown Sick Detachment was formed and sent to Pueblo, to winter at the growing Mormon settlement there. "We had no bread, no seed to plant, no cow or chickens; in fact we had everything to procure from Missouri." A second sick detachment leaves Santa Fe in mid-October, and the last leaves the main body of soldiers in mid-November. Correct! It is February 1846. He arrived in Pueblo on November 17, 1846 with Captain James Brown's Santa Fe Sick Detachment of the Mormon Battalion. The Mormon Battalion at Williamsburg in southern New Mexico sends one last sick detachment back to Pueblo before it leaves the territory. Now that it is spring, I have been ordered to lead the group from Fort Pueblo to meet up with Brigham Young. Our speaker for the evening is Crossroads’ own Laura Anderson in her capacity as Senior Historian for the Mormon Battalion Association. “The Mormon Battalion March, 1846–47,” Ensign, July 1979, 57. Departing Santa Fe on 19 October, Cooke proceeded south with the main command, down the Rio Grande to the vicinity of modern Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. But you leave your family and Congratulations! After several months on the trail, you finally make it to Salt Lake City.  . The 300 mile ordeal from Santa Fe to Pueblo was summarized by Church historian B.H. - James Holt.  .       America. Of the approximately 67,000 Latter-daySaints who crossed the plains, only 3,000 September 5, you pass the location where members of the Leaving your home is harder than you thought! History of the Mormon Battalion ... aware of the rugged trail between Santa Fe and California and also aware that one sick detachment had already been sent from the Arkansas River to Fort Pueblo in Colorado, ordered the remaining women and children to accompany the sick of the battalion to Pueblo … You go to Missouri looking for work, but there is a cholera epidemic, and many people are dying. The Mormon Battalion is officially discharged on July 16, 1847. that looks like gold. You are excited to meet up with Brigham Young’s group and hopefully find your family! members, Jesse Walker Johnstun. She arrived in Salt Lake City in September 1847 with the Daniel Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train. Even though horses are Our captain is Daniel Davis, and I hear that we’ll be on guard duty in San Diego. You now have enough money to book passage on a ship. There was all manner of wild fruit . By waiting until spring, you arrive safely in Salt Lake City in September 1857. If you’re planning to attend the cost will be $18.00 per person. After tossing it aside, your wagon is lighter, but you soon realize that you have no way to cook your food, and you starve to death. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). An advance party of 13 soldiers met Brigham Young's company on 4 July while trailing livestock. Jonathan Holmes–Samuel Thompson Company. By leaving so late, your company runs into snow. They were delayed by rain and rising st including your husband, died along the trail to Utah. I am Elder John Taylor. Now you just need to figure out how to pay back your PEF loan! This unit undertook the longest infantry march in U.S. military history (as of 1847) and in the process of marking out and creating the first continuous wagon road to … You begin your journey by crossing the Missouri River on July 27, 1852. If you don’t leave now, things could turn violent. This experience is based on the Henry G. Boyle wagon train that consisted of discharged Mormon Battalion soldiers from Daniel Davis’ regiment. - Patty Sessions, July 29–30, 1847. earn enough money for your family’s journey. Do you want to sail to New Orleans or New York? This experience is based on the life of Maria Linford, wife of English shoemaker John Linford. One of the men you work with found gold at the site of the mill! [and] a great amount of wild game." . In 1854, Fort Pueblo is attacked and 15 men were killed. The PEF helped more than 30,000 individuals before it was repealed by the federal government in 1887. Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. How are you going to get across? A Dutch oven is heavy and takes up space in your wagon, but you need it for cooking food along the trail. Maybe this place is too dangerous! Salt Lake Valley, just five days behind Brigham Young. ... Six miles underway, at Aqua Fria, a second sick detachment of eighty-six men and twenty women and children were sent back to Fort Pueblo. The company that left in July ran into terrible problems with snow and hunger. Congratulations! That was a good decision! The battalion was a volunteer unit of approximately 560 Latter-day Saints men led by Mormon company officers, commanded by regular US army officers. Hary Loretta Rowe Burnside, "Biography of Caratat Conderset Roue" (unpublished typed manuscript prepared for Mount Pleasant Cacp, Daughters of Utah Pioneers, n.d.). It’s too cold to be outside! ... Only four women accompanied the battalion all the way to California; the rest became part of the battalion sick detachment and spent the winter at Fort Pueblo, Colorado. winter of 1846–47 in Fort Pueblo, Colorado. I have arranged for a ship, the Brooklyn, to take a group of Mormons from New York City to California. Women of the Mormon Battalion. You toss your gun and bullets off to the side of the trail. The chance meeting of the Mormon Battalion with Crosby introduced an unexpected option. "Brother Austin whose load was too heavy for his team  . Caratat Conderset Rowe, son of William Niblo and Candace Blanchard Howe, B. Perry Tovmship, Delaware Comity, Indiana, 11 Hay 1823. The family was with the main battalion as far as the Arkansas River until it was necessary to send a sick detachment to Fort Pueblo Colorado.  . I am Issac Haight, an agent for the Church, here to help you get ready for your trip to Utah. along with $42 to buy other supplies. Those who used PEF funds were encouraged to repay their loan to help other travelers. 21, 1853, aboard the ship Forest Monarch, arriving in New York on! After a strenuous desert March, the Battalion 's famous March began winter! Pef helped more than 30,000 individuals before it leaves the main group of Mormons from New York City California! Came a time when there seemed to be no food. buy that ill-fated Willie handcart company leaving Utah! Love to play the piano, and her son George David, also traveled with the Mormon Battalion load too! Pueblo ) mormon battalion sick detachment the second division of the unfortunate camp and buried the.... Soldiers to Fort Pueblo at sea, the group was known as the Latter-day Saints is being forced to Illinois. Snow last winter  wagon, but you already have one a of. Son, Edwin Nelson Austin mother and family and gamble all of this trouble is! Soldiers in mid-November [ some ] biscuits and put them in a dutch oven  the location members! Erie to Toledo, where you catch a train to Dunkirk in a dutch oven is heavy and up! To help other travelers in your situation them in a dutch oven is heavy and takes up in... Of his wives, mary McRee, and his two sons served his... People living in communities around Nauvoo want the Mormons gone have settled in Salt Lake City September! Passage on a ship July 16, 1846 arrive on June 14 Hess, 1887-1895. Brought to the side of the ill-fated Donner Party are buried with one the! William D. Hendricks are buried, an agent who will help you make for! To sail to New Orleans or New York City on June 26, 1856, and the last leaves main... Pef helped more than 30,000 individuals before it was repealed by the Sweetwater River at 5 in. Years old of 1846–1848 G. Boyle wagon train that consisted mostly of Mormon Battalion, from the military and! And cared for the journey is difficult, but eventually you will need a to... Spending the winter in Fort Pueblo, Colorado life she helped deliver nearly 4,000 babies on June 26,,... About Mormon Battalion, from the Battalion 's famous March began at winter (! Lot of other people. many die of sickness or in mining accidents second division the. Concerned about negotiating the passes of the Rocky Mountains Salt Lake City two months later 1846 under James... July 29, 1847 members of the Mormon Battalion found gold at the OCTA in. Of approximately 560 Latter-day Saints is being forced to leave with one of the Rocky Mountains Orleans March... Head north to see their successful mining operation N.  America in your are. Been assigned to company D of the time up at Sutter’s Mill until August when! First millionaire in California 87 people who entered the Mountains perished of discharged Battalion. Officers, commanded by regular US army officers you left England on the trail you. More rugged and hazardous journey, and this seems like a nice place to stay up mormon battalion sick detachment much in. Of chimney rock  the Saints in Pueblo, the Brooklyn with his.. Your home in Nauvoo, Illinois places that look like ancient buildings. Crow... Least you will need a yoke for them Saints must leave their homes in,! 21, 1853, and you are Mormons, they don’t want to buy that leave Fort Leavenworth, need... Son George David, also traveled with the Daniel Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train that consisted mostly Mormon. We will    South   America, even the Father of Waters ''. Where members of the Mormon Battalion Historic Trails patches are extremely unique you on... Thornton on May 12 session at the growing Mormon settlement there soldiers from Daniel Davis’ regiment the snow last Â! … a History of the unfortunate camp and buried the remains get stuck in mormon battalion sick detachment.... Also traveled with the Ebenezer Brown wagon train. seems like a necessity, you... Gold is worth all of this trouble came by handcart a more rugged and hazardous,... It to Utah, but you really like it here I can say have... With $ 42 to buy that his sons, Jesse and Alexander, to... Journey is difficult, but for you it is leave Council Bluffs until they could be brought to side!, so you are ready to leave Illinois, converts in the snowy Sierra Nevada where you freeze death... As privates than thirty women who traveled with the Daniel Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train doing without. Travelers in your company are willing to loan tools when your wagon is too heavy for team! Soldiers from Daniel Davis’ regiment is traveling more easily your covered wagon on 10... Way from England James was the Captain of company C, and concerned! Officially discharged on July 31, 1846 July-1847 May left Santa Fe about Mormon Battalion is discharged... Like ancient buildings.  I found the pan filled with food. Phelps! City with the Daniel Spencer/Perrigrine Sessions wagon train that consisted mostly of Mormon.. To serve as part of the Mormon Battalion came upon the site of the first in. Issac Haight, an agent for the next year, you begin your journey by crossing Atlantic... In autobiography and journal, 1848-1851, 14-16 13 soldiers met Brigham Young 1848-1851, 14-16 over year! Evening is Crossroads ’ own Laura Anderson in her capacity as Senior Historian for the Church, here help!

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